AIMS AND SCOPE OF JOURNAL: The Annual Review of Linguistics, in publication since 2015, covers significant developments in the field of linguistics, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and their interfaces. Reviews synthesize advances in linguistic theory, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, language change, biology and evolution of language, typology, as well as applications of linguistics in many domains.
Yingtong Liu, Elodie Winckel, Anne Abeillé, Barbara Hemforth, Edward Gibson Vol. 8, 2022
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Ross (1967) observed that “island” structures like “Who do you think [NP the gift from__] prompted the rumor?” or “Who did you hear [NP the statement [S that the CEO promoted__]]?” are not acceptable, despite having what seem to be plausible meanings in ...Read More
Figure 1: Illustration of an island effect as defined by Sprouse et al. (2016): a superadditive interaction between dependency length (short versus long) and complexity of the structures (complex vers...
Figure 2: Z-scored acceptability ratings for focalizing and nonfocalizing constructions in English, French, Italian, and Norwegian. Two-by-two comparisons crossing two factors [e.g., for subject-islan...
The primary goal of coherence theory is to provide an explanation for the coherence properties of discourse: what properties distinguish a discourse from a mere collection of utterances, and what drives comprehenders to draw inferences in service of ...Read More
Second language (L2) sentence processing research studies how adult L2 learners understand sentences in real time. I review how L2 sentence processing differs from monolingual first-language (L1) processing and outline major findings and approaches. Three ...Read More
This article provides an overview of graded and probabilistic approaches in semantics and pragmatics. These approaches share a common set of core research goals: (a) a concern with phenomena that are best described as graded, including a vast lexicon of ...Read More
Figure 1: A simple probabilistic graphical model that represents dependencies among random variables in a joint distribution.
Figure 2: Neural models are universal function approximators and can also approximate probability functions. (a) The formula for logistic regression, with made-up sample data. Prediction y is based on...
I analyze the biological underpinnings of human speech from a comparative perspective. By first identifying mechanisms that are evolutionarily derived relative to other primates, we obtain members of the faculty of language, derived components (FLD). ...Read More
Figure 1: Human cladistics in a nutshell. (a) Graphic depiction of key cladistic terms. Plesiomorphies are ancestral or “primitive” traits, shared by most members of a clade, whereas autapomorphies ar...
Figure 2: Loss of laryngeal air sacs as inferred from fossil hyoid bones. Air sacs are balloon-like outpouchings extending from the laryngeal vestibule out into the neck and chest region. Chimpanzees ...
Figure 3: Neural autapomorphies associated with vocal motor control. (a) Direct connections. Humans appear to be unique among primates in possessing direct, monosynaptic connections from motor cortex ...
William Labov launched the branch of language studies known as language variation and change or (more vaguely) sociolinguistics with several influential studies in the 1960s and seminal publications in the early 1970s. As the discipline spread to ...Read More
Lila R. Gleitman, Mark Y. Liberman, Cynthia A. McLemore, Barbara H. Partee Vol. 5, 2019
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This autobiographical article, which began as an interview, reports some reflections by Lila Gleitman on the development of her thinking and her research—in concert with a host of esteemed collaborators over the years—on issues of language and mind, ...Read More
Judith F. Kroll, Paola E. Dussias, Kinsey Bice, Lauren Perrotti Vol. 1, 2015
The use of two or more languages is common in most of the world. Yet, until recently, bilingualism was considered to be a complicating factor for language processing, cognition, and the brain. The past 20 years have witnessed an upsurge of research on ...Read More
Children from low-income backgrounds consistently perform below their more advantaged peers on standardized measures of language ability, setting long-term trajectories that translate into gaps in academic achievement. Our primary goals in this review are ...Read More
Bilingualism was once thought to result in cognitive disadvantages, but research in recent decades has demonstrated that experience with two (or more) languages confers a bilingual advantage in executive functions and may delay the incidence of Alzheimer'...Read More
Explore the causes, impacts, and prediction of climate change and related weather events. In this interdisciplinary article collection, our experts discuss the risk factors that influence extreme environmental and ecological change.
The early years of a child's life are critical to their health and development. Many factors are instrumental for children to reach their developmental milestones. This interdisciplinary article collection explores both environmental and behavioral impacts on child development.
From shifting to remote work and home-schooling children to restricting travel and leisure activities, to disrupting supply chains, the COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented impact on virtually every facet of life. This interdisciplinary article collection looks at recent developments in COVID-19 research and the short-term and long-term impacts on society.
COVID-19 and the consequential events of 2020 have propelled science into the public consciousness. View this interdisciplinary article collection to explore the important relationship between science and the public, where experts consider the impact of evidence on policy, the role of scientists in shaping public opinion, and the need for trust in science.
2020 will be a year we never forget. While it's time to begin a new year of restoration and continued progress, it's also the time to revisit the high impact articles that were downloaded the most during 2020. Find which 20 articles from our 51 disciplines attracted the most attention from readers during the year.
In this interdisciplinary article collection, our experts explore the impact of democracy on society, including to the U.S. after women's suffrage and the politics, elections, and citizen equality of modern day.
This interdisciplinary collection spans decades and illustrates our increased understanding and successes in preventing and treating the HIV/AIDS pandemic.Through this lens, remaining challenges are identified and further reinforced by the current COVID-19 pandemic, including health inequity, vaccine development, and the lasting impacts on globaly society and culture.
A curated collection of articles that focus on discriminatory policing of minorities, on bias in the criminal justice system, on inequalities in healthcare and other relevant issues to aid in understanding discrimination and its impact, and what must be done to end it.
In this article collection you'll find research on how stressors can impact an individual's physical and mental health, from mindfulness research which identifies the methods to help manage the negative symptoms of the body's stress response to Social Safety Theory which explores the influence of stressful environments on populations, culture, and human development.
The Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is having an unprecedented impact on virtually every facet of life. The global outbreak continues partly because neither the disease nor its transmission is fully understood. Scientists are working at an extraordinary pace to understand the biology of the virus while investigating potential therapeutics and vaccine treatments. In support of this critical research, Annual Reviews has curated a collection of articles to assist the scientific community.
This collection includes 22 review articles addressing several interdisciplinary perspectives on aging: successful aging and historical perspectives; aging, disability, and public health; the biology of aging; and aging, populations, and social policy.
This special article collection of 20 review articles from invited experts addresses issues related to and supporting awareness of Mental Health. Topics include: the effect of mental health problems on at-risk adolescents, the treatments for and biology of mental health, the relationship between addiction and mental health, the steps needed to improve mental health care, and more.
This collection of 22 articles includes pioneering research from experts across the politics and policies of climate change. They cover a variety of ways in which the global population and the environment are adversely affected by climate change.
This special article collection covers neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's Disease, featuring a variety of perspectives from leaders across several fields covering the newest research into disease prevention and treatment, and the growing impact on public health.
This curated article collection includes 18 reviews of research from pioneers and leaders on ethics, public benefits, and concerns of genomics. Interdisciplinary research on basic science and the potential of genomic projects is also highlighted.
Read this freely available special article collection which captures the current understanding of cancer and its impact on public health, including causes, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and effect on relationships and society.
View the collection Credit: Cancer cells, by Dr. Cecil Fox. National Cancer Institute, CC0 Public Domain.
Read this freely available special article collection to see how the future may be shaped by advances in the last two decades. Includes expert reviews on biomimicry in robotics, human-robot interaction, and robot development.
Read this freely available special article collection to understand important trends and issues across the multi-disciplinary field of criminology to inform the direction of research, practice, and policy.
Read this freely available special article collection which examines ecology and extinction risk—from the ancient DNA biomarkers that indicate environmental activity during historical extinctions, to modern day research in biodiversity loss.
Read this freely available special article collection to review the research that is making a positive impact in the fight against TB. 53 million lives were saved between 2000 and 2016 with diagnosis and treatment.
Read this freely available special article collection on diagnostic techniques, treatment, and impact on the global population and the food industry, including the challenges faced in effective regulation and labelling of common allergens.